It is surgery to remove all or part of the larynx.
Laryngectomy is major surgery that is done in the hospital. Before surgery, you will receive general anesthesia. You will be asleep and will not feel pain.
In a total laryngectomy, the entire larynx is removed. Part of the pharynx can also be removed. The pharynx is the mucous-lined tube between the nasal passages and the esophagus.
The surgeon will make a cut in your neck to open the area. It is done carefully to preserve important blood vessels and other important structures.
The larynx and surrounding tissues will be removed. Lymph nodes can also be removed.
The surgeon will make an opening in the windpipe and a hole in the front of the neck. The windpipe will connect to this hole. This hole is called a stoma. After surgery, you will breathe through the stoma, which will never be removed.
The esophagus, muscles, and skin will be closed with stitches or staples. You may have catheters coming from the wound for some time after surgery.